Compositional optimization of mixed cation Dion–Jacobson perovskites for efficient green light emission†
Dion–Jacobson (DJ) perovskites have been demonstrated to be highly promising for improved lifetime and stability of solar cells, but their applications in light emitting diodes (LEDs) have been scarce. A large number of potential spacer ligands have not been explored, offering potential to achieve significant improvements in spectral regions where DJ perovskite-based LEDs lag behind other perovskite counterparts. Therefore, we investigated the effect of the choice of spacer cation on the properties and green light emitting diode applications of DJ perovskites. We found that optimized mixing of the spacer cations results in perovskite films with improved morphology and a change in phase distribution, leading to enhanced funneling and more efficient light emission. Devices containing mixed spacer cations 1,6-hexanediammonium (HDA) and 1,10-decanediammonium (DDA) exhibited significant enhancement of the external quantum efficiency (EQE), with a maximum value for DDA0.75HDA0.25 of 9.41% significantly higher than that obtained for pure HDA (1.23%) and DDA (7.28%), as well as increased lifetime with T50 of 70 min for the optimized composition, compared to 4 min for pure HDA and 60 min for pure DDA. The maximum EQE can be further increased by triphenylphosphine oxide passivation to 12.85%.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Journal of Materials Chemistry C HOT Papers