Understanding the different cross-membrane transport kinetics of two charged molecules on the DOPG lipid surface with second harmonic generation and MD simulation†
A clear physical picture of the dynamic behavior of molecules on the surface of the lipid membrane is highly desired and has attracted great attention from researchers. In this study, a step forward in this direction based on previous studies was presented with second harmonic generation (SHG) and molecular dynamic (MD) simulation. Specifically, details on the orientation flipping and cross-membrane transport of two charged molecules, 4-(4-diethylaminostyry)-1-methyl-pyridinium iodide (D289) and malachite green (MG), on the surface of 2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho-rac-(1-glycerol) sodium salt (DOPG) lipids were presented. Firstly, the orientation flipping of the two molecules on the surface of lipids before their cross-membrane transport was confirmed by the MD simulation. Then, the concentration dependent rate of the cross membrane transport for MG/D289 was analyzed. It was found that a simplified model could satisfactorily interpret the faster cross-membrane transport of MG under higher bulk concentrations. A different concentration dependent dynamics was observed with D289 and the reason behind it was also discussed. With this investigation, the surface structures and dynamics of D289 and MG on the DOPG lipid surface were clearly presented.