Structure and dynamics of an active polymer adsorbed on the surface of a cylinder†
The structure and dynamics of an active polymer on a smooth cylindrical surface are studied by Brownian dynamics simulations. The effect of an active force on the polymer adsorption behavior and the combined effect of chain mobility, length N, rigidity κ, and cylinder radius, R, on the phase diagrams are systemically investigated. We find that complete adsorption is replaced by the irregular alternative adsorption/desorption process at a large driving force. Three typical (spiral, helix-like, and rod-like) conformations of the active polymer are observed, dependent on N, κ, and R. Dynamically, the polymer shows rotational motion in the spiral state, snake-like motion in the intermediate state, and straight translational motion without turning back in the rod-like state. In the spiral state, we find that the rotation velocity ω and the chain length follow a power-law relation ω ∼ N−0.42, consistent with the torque-balance theory of general Archimedean spirals. And the polymer shows super-diffusive behavior along the cylinder for a long time in the helix-like and rod-like states. Our results highlight that the mobility, rigidity, and curvature of surface can be used to regulate the polymer behavior.