Flexible CuS-embedded human serum albumin hollow nanocapsules with peroxidase-like activity for synergistic sonodynamic and photothermal cancer therapy†
Nanoparticle flexibility is an important parameter in determining cell uptake and tumor accumulation, thus modulating therapeutic efficiency in cancer treatment. Herein, we successfully prepared CuS-embedded human serum albumin hollow nanocapsules (denoted CuS/HSA) by a hard-core-assisted layer-by-layer coating approach. This approach afforded CuS/HSA hollow nanocapsules with controllable shell thickness, tunable flexibility, uniform size (272.9 nm), a large hollow cavity, peroxidase-like activity, excellent photothermal conversion ability, and a high tetra-(4-aminophenyl) porphyrin (TAPP) loading capacity (27.3 wt%). The peroxidase-like activity of the CuS nanoparticles enabled them to overcome tumor hypoxia and augment the sonodynamic therapeutic (SDT) effects and photothermal conversion ability for photothermal therapy (PTT). In vitro experiments showed that the CuS/HSA-TAPP hollow nanocapsules efficiently induced cancer cell apoptosis under US irradiation and cancer cell ablation under laser irradiation, thus facilitating synergistic SDT and PTT. Importantly, the flexibility of the CuS/HSA hollow nanocapsules resulted in significantly enhanced cellular internalization and a longer mean residence time (131.3 h) than their solid counterparts (21.0 h). In a breast tumor model, the flexible CuS/HSA hollow nanocapsules exhibited high tumor accumulation of up to 27.1%. In vivo experiments demonstrated that the flexible CuS/HSA-TAPP hollow nanocapsules effectively eliminated breast tumors via the synergistic effect of SDT and PTT.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2022 Nanoscale HOT Article Collection