Cinnamaldehyde decreases the invasion and u-PA expression of osteosarcoma by down-regulating the FAK signalling pathway
Cancer metastasis is the major cause of the high mortality risk of patients with osteosarcoma. Cinnamaldehyde has been shown to exhibit multiple tumour-suppressing activities, but its role in human osteosarcoma is not yet completely defined. In this study, the antimetastatic effect of cinnamaldehyde on highly metastatic human osteosarcoma cells was observed in vitro and in vivo using Saos-2 and 143B cells. Cinnamaldehyde reduced the activity and protein level of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA) and suppressed the invasion ability of osteosarcoma cells by inhibiting the phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase. In addition, cinnamaldehyde reduced cell movement, cell–matrix adhesion, and the expression of the mesenchymal markers of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition, namely, fibronectin and N-cadherin. Importantly, the oral administration of cinnamaldehyde remarkably suppressed the pulmonary metastasis of osteosarcoma in mice. Results indicated that cinnamaldehyde has therapeutic potential for inhibiting osteosarcoma metastasis.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Food & Function HOT Articles 2022