Hepatoprotective effect of different mulberry leaf extracts against acute liver injury in rats by alleviating oxidative stress and inflammatory response

Abstract

This study investigated the hepatoprotective effect of various mulberry (Morus alba L.) leaf extracts (MLEs), including mulberry ethanol extract (MEE), aqueous extract (MAE) and combination extract (MCE) against D-galactosamine (D-GalN) /lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute liver injury in rats. It aimed to explore the possible molecular mechanism of the liver-protecting function of mulberry leaves and provide a reference for choosing the appropriate extraction method. The results showed that the three extracts contained different amounts of phenolic compounds, 1-deoxynojirimycin (DNJ) and polysaccharides. MLEs markedly improved the pathological status of rat liver tissue, decreased the levels of AST, ALT, TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 and MDA, while increased the levels of GSH, SOD and CAT in the D-GalN/LPS-treated rats at same time. MEE, with the highest amount of total phenolics, exhibited the highest antioxidant activity corresponding to the protein expression level of Nrf2 and HO-1. MCE significantly suppressed the expression of apoptosis-related dot-like protein (ASC) and Caspase-1, inhibited the phosphorylation of p38 MAPK and ERK1/2, thereby showed high anti-inflammatory activity. These results indicated that the active components from mulberry leaves protected rats against acute liver injury together attributed to alleviating oxidative stress and reducing inflammatory response. The protective effect may be implicated in regulating the Nrf2, NLRP3 and MAPK signaling pathways.

Article information

Article type
Paper
Submitted
26 Jan 2022
Accepted
26 Apr 2022
First published
28 Apr 2022

Food Funct., 2022, Accepted Manuscript

Hepatoprotective effect of different mulberry leaf extracts against acute liver injury in rats by alleviating oxidative stress and inflammatory response

Y. Yu, Y. Chen, X. Shi, C. Ye, J. Wang, J. Huang, B. Zhang and Z. Deng, Food Funct., 2022, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/D2FO00282E

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