The decoupling of ion-pairing and ion-conduction in ultrahigh-concentration electrolytes enables wide-temperature solid-state batteries

Abstract

Fast ion conduction and stable interfaces are predicted to be important in the development of new electrolytes. However, many unconventional solvents for electrolytes remain challenging, although they are fast ion carriers, because of the narrow voltage of solvent oxidation and reduction. Here, we report a general solidified localized high concentration electrolyte (S-LHCE) strategy with the decoupling of ion-pairing and ion-conduction to achieve the application of unstable solvents (dimethyl sulfoxide, DMSO) in high-voltage lithium metal batteries. By decoupling electrolytes with a non-solvating solid framework, the interfacial compatibility was further improved with lithium anodes and high-voltage cathodes. The anion migration was limited with a high Li+-transference number of 0.72, and lithium ion conduction was enhanced (0.27 mS cm-1 at 20 °C) by the regulated solvation structure in an ultrahigh salt concentration regime. The S-LHCE strategy enabled solid-state lithium metal batteries with excellent electrochemical performance over a wide temperature range from -10 to 100 °C and with 83.3% and 60.1% capacity retention of its theoretical capacity when it was cycled at a 30 C rate and a 50 C rate at an evaluated temperature. The results in this work provide new insight for the application of potential but unconventional active components to high-performance electrolytes.

Supplementary files

Article information

Article type
Paper
Submitted
31 Mar 2022
Accepted
20 Jun 2022
First published
23 Jun 2022

Energy Environ. Sci., 2022, Accepted Manuscript

The decoupling of ion-pairing and ion-conduction in ultrahigh-concentration electrolytes enables wide-temperature solid-state batteries

S. Xu, R. Xu, T. Yu, K. Chen, C. Sun, G. Hu, S. Bai, H. Cheng, Z. Sun and F. Li, Energy Environ. Sci., 2022, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/D2EE01053D

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