Factors influencing stoichiometry and stability of polyoxometalate – peptide complexes†
In the pursuit of understanding the factors guiding interactions between polyoxometalates (POMs) and biomolecules, several complexes between Keggin phosphomolybdate and diglycine have been produced at different acidity and salinity conditions, leading to difference in stoichiometry and in crystal structure. Principal factors determining how the POM and dipeptide interact appear to be pH, ionic strength of the medium, and the molar ratio of POM to peptide. An important effect turned out to be even the structure-directing role of the sodium cations coordinating carbonyl functions of the peptide bond. Given the interest in applying POMs in biological systems, these factors are highly relevant to consider. In the view of recent interest in using POMs as nano catalysts in peptide hydrolysis also the potential Keggin POM transformation in phosphate buffered saline medium was investigated leading to insight that nanoparticles of zirconium phosphate (ZrP) can be actual catalysts for breakdown of the peptide bond.