Beyond structural insight: a deep neural network for the prediction of Pt L2/3-edge X-ray absorption spectra†
X-ray absorption spectroscopy at the L2/3 edge can be used to obtain detailed information about the local electronic and geometric structure of transition metal complexes. By virtue of the dipole selection rules, the transition metal L2/3 edge usually exhibits two distinct spectral regions: (i) the “white line”, which is dominated by bound electronic transitions from metal-centred 2p orbitals into unoccupied orbitals with d character; the intensity and shape of this band consequently reflects the d density of states (d-DOS), which is strongly modulated by mixing with ligand orbitals involved in chemical bonding, and (ii) the post-edge, where oscillations encode the local geometric structure around the X-ray absorption site. In this Article, we extend our recently-developed XANESNET deep neural network (DNN) beyond the K-edge to predict X-ray absorption spectra at the Pt L2/3 edge. We demonstrate that XANESNET is able to predict Pt L2/3 -edge X-ray absorption spectra, including both the parts containing electronic and geometric structural information. The performance of our DNN in practical situations is demonstrated by application to two Pt complexes, and by simulating the transient spectrum of a photoexcited dimeric Pt complex. Our discussion includes an analysis of the feature importance in our DNN which demonstrates the role of key features and assists with interpreting the performance of the network.
- This article is part of the themed collections: 2022 PCCP HOT Articles and Recent Advances in Modelling Core-Electron Spectroscopy