5-Thiaporphyrinium cation: effect of sulphur incorporation on excited state dynamics†
We synthesised thionium-ion embedded aromatic porphyrinoids: a free-base 5-thiaporphyrinium cation and its zinc complex. The sulphur atom effectively participates in the macrocyclic π-conjugation. Fluorescence quantum yields of thiaporphyrinium cations were lower than 1% unlike oxaporphyrinium cations. Detailed photophysical analysis and DFT calculations clarified the vibrational mode regarding the out-of-plane motion of the sulphur atom induced ultrafast quenching of the excited state in comparison to the corresponding oxaporphyrinium cations.