Preparation of hyaluronic acid-coated polymeric micelles for nasal vaccine delivery†
Hyaluronic acid (HA)-coated biodegradable polymeric micelles were developed as nanoparticulate vaccine delivery systems to establish an effective nasal vaccine. We previously reported HA-coated micelles prepared by forming a polyion complex (PIC) of poly(L-lysine)-b-polylactide (PLys+-b-PLA) micelles and HA. The HA-coated micelles exhibited specific accumulation in HA receptor-expressing cells and extremely high colloidal stability under diluted blood conditions. In this study, a model antigen, ovalbumin (OVA), and an adjuvant oligonucleotide containing the CG motif (CpG–DNA) were efficiently loaded in HA-coated micelles via electrostatic interactions. HA-coated micelles delivered OVA and CpG–DNA in mouse bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs) and resulted in the upregulation of mRNA encoding IFN-γ and IL-4 in BMDCs. In addition, HA-coated micelles enhanced the expression of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II on BMDCs. We investigated the immune response of HA-coated micelles following intranasal administration. HA-coated micelles induced higher OVA-specific IgG in the blood and OVA-specific IgA in the nasal wash than control (carboxymethyl dextran-coated) micelles. These results suggest that HA-coated micelles efficiently deliver antigens and adjuvants to mucosal-resident immune cells. Therefore, HA-coated micelles are promising platforms for developing nasal vaccines against infectious diseases.