Application progress of magnetic molecularly imprinted polymers chemical sensors in the detection of biomarkers
Specific recognition and highly sensitive detection of biomarkers play an essential role in identification, early diagnosis and prevention of many diseases. Magnetic molecularly imprinted polymers (MMIPs) have been widely used to capture biomimetic receptors for targets in various complex matrices due to their superior recognition ability, structural stability, and rapid separation characteristics, which overcome the existing deficiencies of traditional recognition elements such as antibodies, aptamers. The integration of MMIPs as recognition elements with chemical sensors opens new opportunities for the development of advanced analytical devices with improved selectivity and sensitivity, shorter analysis time, and lower cost. Recently, MMIPs-chemical sensors (MMIPs-CS) have made significant progress in detection, but many challenges and development spaces remain. Therefore, this review focuses on the research progress of the sensor based on biomarker detection and introduces the surface modification of the magnetic support material used to prepare high selective MMIPs, as well as the selective extraction of target biomarkers by MMIPs from the complex biological sample matrix. Based on the understanding of optical sensors and electrochemical sensors, the applications of MMIPs-optical sensors (MMIPs-OS) and MMIPs-electrochemical sensors (MMIPs-ECS) for biomarker detection were reviewed and discussed in detail. Moreover, it provides an overview of the challenges in this research area and the potential strategies for the rational design of high-performance MMIPs-CS, accelerating the development of multifunctional MMIPs-CS.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Analyst Review Articles 2021