Ag2ZnSnS4–ZnS core–shell colloidal quantum dots: a near-infrared luminescent material based on environmentally friendly elements†
Low cost, multinary colloidal quantum dots (QDs) based on environmentally friendly elements, with bright, narrow-width, tunable near-infrared (NIR) luminescence are promising alternatives to Cd and Pb chalcogenide QDs for in vivo bio-imaging, LED and sensing applications. Herein, we demonstrate Pb/Cd free solution-processed colloidal luminescent Ag2ZnSnS4–ZnS (AZTS–ZnS) core–shell QDs with precise control over the ZnS shell thickness and thereby its optical properties. Unlike indium based multinary (I–III–VI group) core–shell QDs these nanocrystals show a narrow photoluminescence (PL) full width at half maximum (fwhm) of 105–110 meV in the first NIR window. By monitoring the starting AZTS core size, we achieve tunable emission over a small NIR window in these QDs with the best PL quantum yield (PLQY) of 17.4%.
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