The role of iron in doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity: recent advances and implication for drug delivery
As an anthracycline antibiotic, doxorubicin (DOX) is one of the most potent and widely used chemotherapeutic agents for treating various types of tumors. Unfortunately, the clinical application of this drug results in severe side effects, particularly dose-dependent cardiotoxicity. There are multiple mechanisms involved with the cardiotoxicity caused by DOX, among which intracellular iron homeostasis plays an essential role based on a recent discovery. In this mini-review, we summarize the clinical features and symptoms of DOX-dependent cardiotoxicity, discuss the correlation between iron and cardiotoxicity, and highlight the involvement of iron-dependent ferroptotic cell death therein. Recent advances in this topic will aid the development of novel DOX delivery systems with reduced adverse effects, and expand the clinical application of anthracycline.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Journal of Materials Chemistry B Recent Review Articles