Issue 17, 2021

Low-dimensional nanomaterials for antibacterial applications


The excessive use of antibiotics has led to a rise in drug-resistant bacteria. These “superbugs” are continuously emerging and becoming increasingly harder to treat. As a result, new and effective treatment protocols that have minimal risks of generating drug-resistant bacteria are urgently required. Advanced nanomaterials are particularly promising due to their drug loading/releasing capabilities combined with their potential photodynamic/photothermal therapeutic properties. In this review, 0-dimensional, 1-dimensional, 2-dimensional, and 3-dimensional nanomaterial-based systems are comprehensively discussed for bacterial-based diagnostic and treatment applications. Since the use of these platforms as antibacterials is relatively new, this review will provide appropriate insight into their construction and applications. As such, we hope this review will inspire researchers to explore antibacterial-based nanomaterials with the aim of developing systems for clinical applications.

Graphical abstract: Low-dimensional nanomaterials for antibacterial applications

Article information

Article type
Review Article
06 Jan 2021
23 Feb 2021
First published
24 Feb 2021
This article is Open Access
Creative Commons BY license

J. Mater. Chem. B, 2021,9, 3640-3661

Low-dimensional nanomaterials for antibacterial applications

X. Hu, Y. Shang, K. Yan, A. C. Sedgwick, H. Gan, G. Chen, X. He, T. D. James and D. Chen, J. Mater. Chem. B, 2021, 9, 3640 DOI: 10.1039/D1TB00033K

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