Towards a native environment: structure and function of membrane proteins in lipid bilayers by NMR
Solid-state NMR (ssNMR) is a versatile technique that can be used for the characterization of various materials, ranging from small molecules to biological samples, including membrane proteins. ssNMR can probe both the structure and dynamics of membrane proteins, revealing protein function in a near-native lipid bilayer environment. The main limitation of the method is spectral resolution and sensitivity, however recent developments in ssNMR hardware, including the commercialization of 28 T magnets (1.2 GHz proton frequency) and ultrafast MAS spinning (<100 kHz) promise to accelerate acquisition, while reducing sample requirement, both of which are critical to membrane protein studies. Here, we review recent advances in ssNMR methodology used for structure determination of membrane proteins in native and mimetic environments, as well as the study of protein functions such as protein dynamics, and interactions with ligands, lipids and cholesterol.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2021 Chemical Science HOT Article Collection