An Unusual Formal Migrative Cycloaddition of Aurone-derived Azadienes: Synthesis of Benzofuran-fused Nitrogen Heterocycles
Aurone-derived azadienes are well-known four-atom synthons for direct [4+n] cycloadditions owing to their s-cis conformation as well as the thermodynamically favored aromatization nature of these processes. However, distinct from this common reactivity, herein we report an unusual formal migrative annulation with siloxy alkynes initiated by [2+2] cycloaddition. Unexpectedly, this process generates benzofuran-fused nitrogen heterocyclic products with formal substituent migration. This observation is rationalized by the less common [2+2] cycloaddition followed by 4π and 6π electrocyclic events. DFT calculations provided support to the proposed mechanism.