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An orthogonal and reactivity-based one-pot glycosylation strategy for both glycan and nucleoside synthesis: access to TMG-chitotriomycin, lipochitooligosaccharides and capuramycin

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Abstract

Both glycans (O-glycosides) and nucleosides (N-glycosides) play important roles in numerous biological processes. Chemical synthesis is a reliable and effective means to solve the attainability issues of these essential biomolecules. However, due to the stereo- and regiochemical issues during glycan assembly, together with problems including the poor solubility and nucleophilicity of nucleobases in nucleoside synthesis, the development of one-pot glycosylation strategies toward efficient synthesis of both glycans and nucleosides remains poor and challenging. Here, we report the first orthogonal and reactivity-based one-pot glycosylation strategy suitable for both glycan and nucleoside synthesis on the basis of glycosyl ortho-(1-phenylvinyl)benzoates. This one-pot glycosylation strategy not only inherits the advantages including no aglycon transfers, no undesired interference of departing species, and no unpleasant odors associated with the previously developed orthogonal one-pot glycosylation strategy based on glycosyl ortho-alkynylbenzoates, but also highly expands the scope (glycans and nucleosides) and increases the number of leaving groups that could be employed for the multistep one-pot synthesis (up to the formation of four different glycosidic bonds). In particular, the current one-pot glycosylation strategy is successfully applied to the total synthesis of a promising tuberculosis drug lead capuramycin and the divergent and formal synthesis of TMG-chitotriomycin with potent and specific inhibition activities toward β-N-acetylglucosaminidases and important endosymbiotic lipochitooligosaccharides including the Nod factor and the Myc factor, which represents one of the most efficient and straightforward synthetic routes toward these biologically salient molecules.

Graphical abstract: An orthogonal and reactivity-based one-pot glycosylation strategy for both glycan and nucleoside synthesis: access to TMG-chitotriomycin, lipochitooligosaccharides and capuramycin

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Article information


Submitted
12 Dec 2020
Accepted
23 Feb 2021
First published
23 Feb 2021

This article is Open Access
All publication charges for this article have been paid for by the Royal Society of Chemistry

Chem. Sci., 2021, Advance Article
Article type
Edge Article

An orthogonal and reactivity-based one-pot glycosylation strategy for both glycan and nucleoside synthesis: access to TMG-chitotriomycin, lipochitooligosaccharides and capuramycin

H. He, L. Xu, R. Sun, Y. Zhang, Y. Huang, Z. Chen, P. Li, R. Yang and G. Xiao, Chem. Sci., 2021, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/D0SC06815B

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