Modulating the stacking modes of nanosized metal–organic frameworks by morphology engineering for isomer separation†
Modulating different stacking modes of nanoscale metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) introduces different properties and functionalities but remains a great challenge. Here, we describe a morphology engineering method to modulate the stacking modes of nanoscale NU-901. The nanoscale NU-901 is stacked through solvent removal after one-pot solvothermal synthesis, in which different morphologies from nanosheets (NS) to interpenetrated nanosheets (I-NS) and nanoparticles (NP) were obtained successfully. The stacked NU-901-NS, NU-901-I-NS, and NU-901-NP exhibited relatively aligned stacking, random stacking, and close packing, respectively. The three stacked nanoscale NU-901 exhibited different separation abilities and all showed better performance than bulk phase NU-901. Our work provides a new morphology engineering route for the modulation of the stacking modes of nano-sized MOFs and improves the separation abilities of MOFs.