Unraveling the surface glycoprotein interaction network by integrating chemical crosslinking with MS-based proteomics†
The cell plasma membrane provides a highly interactive platform for the information transfer between the inside and outside of cells. The surface glycoprotein interaction network is extremely important in many extracellular events, and aberrant protein interactions are closely correlated with various diseases including cancer. Comprehensive analysis of cell surface protein interactions will deepen our understanding of the collaborations among surface proteins to regulate cellular activity. In this work, we developed a method integrating chemical crosslinking, an enzymatic reaction, and MS-based proteomics to systematically characterize proteins interacting with surface glycoproteins, and then constructed the surfaceome interaction network. Glycans covalently bound to proteins were employed as “baits”, and proteins that interact with surface glycoproteins were connected using chemical crosslinking. Glycans on surface glycoproteins were oxidized with galactose oxidase (GAO) and sequentially surface glycoproteins together with their interactors (“prey”) were enriched through hydrazide chemistry. In combination with quantitative proteomics, over 300 proteins interacting with surface glycoproteins were identified. Many important domains related to extracellular events were found on these proteins. Based on the protein–protein interaction database, we constructed the interaction network among the identified proteins, in which the hub proteins play more important roles in the interactome. Through analysis of crosslinked peptides, specific interactors were identified for glycoproteins on the cell surface. The newly developed method can be extensively applied to study glycoprotein interactions on the cell surface, including the dynamics of the surfaceome interactions in cells with external stimuli.