Self-charging power system for distributed energy: beyond the energy storage unit
Power devices for the smart sensor networks of Internet of things (IoT) are required with minimum or even no maintenance due to their enormous quantities and widespread distribution. Self-charging power systems (SCPSs) refer to integrated energy devices with simultaneous energy harvesting, power management and effective energy storage capabilities, which may need no extra battery recharging and can sustainably drive sensors. Herein, we focus on the progress made in the field of nanogenerator-based SCPSs, which harvest mechanical energy using the Maxwell displacement current arising from the variation in the surface-polarized-charge-induced electrical field. Prototypes of different nanogenerator-based SCPSs will be overviewed. Finally, challenges and prospects in this field will be discussed.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Chemical Science Recent Perspective articles