Influence of low-voltage discharge energy on the morphology of carbon nanostructures in induced benzene transformation
The directions of the transformation of benzene induced by low-voltage discharges at various energies of pulsed discharges were revealed. This paper shows the dependencies of the morphology and other characteristics of nanostructures obtained in the induced transformation of benzene on the energy of pulsed discharges. Nanostructures with different morphologies are formed when the energy of the low-voltage discharges changes during the induced transformation of benzene in the liquid phase. Two types of carbon nanostructures were formed in the induced destruction of benzene with a 90 μF capacitor. The first type of structure includes graphite fibers, two- and three-layer graphene sheets, as well as two- and three-layer hollow spheres and microstructures in the form of CNHs. The microstructures of the second type were onion-like spheroids. An increase in the capacitance up to 20 090 μF led to the formation of two types of nanostructures: onion-like spheroids and carbon fibers. A further increase in the capacitance to 40 090 μF caused the formation of onion-like spheroids.