Simultaneous determination of hydroquinone and catechol by a reduced graphene oxide–polydopamine–carboxylated multi-walled carbon nanotube nanocomposite†
A reduced graphene oxide–polydopamine–carboxylated multi-walled carbon nanotube (RGO–PDA–cMWCNT) nanocomposite was fabricated via a facile, one-pot procedure and was characterized by a variety of techniques. A novel electrochemical sensor based on RGO–PDA–cMWCNT was constructed to determine hydroquinone (HQ) and catechol (CT) simultaneously. This newly prepared nanocomposite shows excellent electrocatalytic efficacy in the electrode reaction of the two isomers. Specifically, the peak-to-peak potential difference between the two dihydroxybenzenes is 115 mV for oxidation, which is obviously larger than similar electrochemical sensors. The established method displays a wide linear range from 0.5 to 5000 μM with a detection limit (S/N = 3) of 0.066 μM for HQ and 0.073 μM for CT. In addition, this electrochemical approach has been tested to measure the two dihydroxybenzenes in real samples and satisfactory results were recorded.