Information processing using an integrated DNA reaction network†
Living organisms use interconnected chemical reaction networks (CRNs) to exchange information with the surrounding environment and respond to diverse external stimuli. Inspired by nature, numerous artificial CRNs with a complex information processing function have been recently introduced, with DNA as one of the most attractive engineering materials. Although much progress has been made in DNA-based CRNs in terms of controllable reaction dynamics and molecular computation, the effective integration of signal translation with information processing in a single CRN remains to be difficult. In this work, we introduced a stimuli-responsive DNA reaction network capable of integrated information translation and processing in a stepwise manner. This network is designed to integrate sensing, translation, and decision-making operations by independent modules, in which various logic units capable of performing different functions were realized, including information identification (YES and OR gates), integration (AND and AND-AND gates), integration-filtration (AND-AND-NOT gate), comparison (Comparator), and map-to-map analysis (Feynman gate). Benefitting from the modular and programmable design, continuous and parallel processing operations are also possible. With the innovative functions, we show that the DNA network is a highly useful addition to the current DNA-based CRNs by offering a bottom-up strategy to design devices capable of cascaded information processing with high efficiency.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2021 Nanoscale HOT Article Collection