The synthesis and structure of an amazing and stable carbonized material Cu-PC@OFM and its catalytic applications in water with mechanism explorations†
An amazing and stable carbonized octahedral frame material Cu-PC@OFM was synthesized and characterized through HRTEM, SEM, XRD, XPS, and Raman spectroscopy and nitrogen adsorption/desorption analysis. In particular, the carbon matrix carrier loaded with nano-copper not only maintains the original structure, but also the nano copper particles generated in situ significantly improve the catalytic performance and stability. It was disclosed that the copper-based catalyst material Cu-PC@OFM showed high catalytic activity in the borrowing hydrogen reaction and the synthesis of 1-benzyl-2-aryl-1H-benzo[d]imidazole derivatives with high yields in water. This copper catalytic system provided a much greener and efficient catalyst for the synthesis of functionalized amines and 1-benzyl-2-aryl-1H-benzo[d]imidazoles with good recovery performance in water, which was the first example for the Cu-PC@OFM material-catalyzed synthesis of 1-benzyl-2-aryl-1H-benzo[d]imidazoles. In addition, a plausible reaction mechanism was proposed through some condition control experiments, deuterium labeling experiments and separation of intermediates experiments.