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Issue 15, 2021

Improved performance of lithium–sulfur batteries by employing a sulfonated carbon nanoparticle-modified glass fiber separator

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Abstract

Some of the most promising alternatives in the energy storage sector are lithium–sulfur batteries, which have a high energy density and theoretical capacity. However, the low electrical conductivity of sulfur and the shuttle effect of polysulfides remain important technical obstacles in the practical use of lithium–sulfur batteries (LSBs). This work employed a glass fiber separator with sulfonated carbon nanoparticles (SCNPs) to reduce the shuttle effect. The negatively charged sulfonic groups in SCNPs might prevent polysulfide migration and anchor lithium polysulfides. By using carbon-based interlayers, this method improves ion conductivity. Furthermore, the equally scattered sulfonic groups serve as active sites, causing sulfur to be distributed consistently and limiting sulfur growth while enhancing active sulfur utilization. After 200 cycles at 1C, the SCNP separator-containing cell showed a specific capacity of 1080 mA h g−1. After 200 cycles, the cell with a CNP separator only showed a specific capacity of 854 mA h g−1, demonstrating that CNPs' polysulfide diffusion suppression was ineffective. The cell with the SCNP separator still showed a high capacity of 901 mA h g−1 after 500 cycles, with an average coulombic efficiency of almost 98%.

Graphical abstract: Improved performance of lithium–sulfur batteries by employing a sulfonated carbon nanoparticle-modified glass fiber separator

Article information


Submitted
31 May 2021
Accepted
11 Jun 2021
First published
11 Jun 2021

This article is Open Access

Nanoscale Adv., 2021,3, 4492-4501
Article type
Paper

Improved performance of lithium–sulfur batteries by employing a sulfonated carbon nanoparticle-modified glass fiber separator

S. Ponnada, M. S. Kiai, D. B. Gorle and A. Nowduri, Nanoscale Adv., 2021, 3, 4492 DOI: 10.1039/D1NA00409C

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