Eco-friendly antisolvent enabled inverted MAPbI3 perovskite solar cells with fill factors over 84%†
Antisolvent assisted crystallization has been most widely applied in depositing high-quality perovskite thin films for efficient perovskite solar cells (PSCs). However, the toxicity of common antisolvents (chlorobenzene, toluene etc.) involved in perovskite processing raises serious environmental and health concerns for large-scale implementation. Herein, a green co-antisolvent of propyl acetate is induced to adjust the degree of supersaturation in diethyl ether, enabling pinhole-free, smooth, and uniform perovskite thin films. By carefully controlling the polarity of the antisolvents, the deposited perovskite film showed higher electron mobility and suppressed defect density than that of the control film. As a result, a high power conversion efficiency up to 20.61% was achieved in a p–i–n inverted MAPbI3 PSC with an impressive fill factor (FF) over 84%. The high FF is mainly attributed to the attenuated ideal factor and improved diode junction quality. This approach provides a greener path to the sustainability and scalability of the emerging PSC technology.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2021 Green Chemistry Hot Articles