Research progress on separation of selenoproteins/Se-enriched peptides and their physiological activities
Selenium (Se) is an essential nutrient associated with several physiological processes in humans and has raised interest because of its antioxidant and immune properties. Se deficiency is related to a variety of diseases and dysfunctions in humans. Due to its higher bioavailability and lower toxicity, organic Se is more recommendable than inorganic Se in the frame of a balanced diet. Se is present in 25 identified selenoproteins that commonly occur in human organisms. As part of selenocysteine (SeC), Se becomes co-translationally incorporated into the polypeptide chain and involved in the regulation of oxidative stress, redox mechanisms, and other crucial cellular processes responsible for innate and adaptive immune responses. This review presents the current information regarding the presence of selenoproteins in the human body, and the separation of selenoproteins and selenopeptides from various plants and their physiological roles in the immune and oxidation systems of humans. In general, the application of selenoproteins and Se-enriched peptides are practically important for the clinical arena, whereby it can be used for exploring new healthy foods.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Recent Review Articles