Multinuclear transition metal-containing polyoxometalates constructed from Nb/W mixed-addendum precursors: synthesis, structures and catalytic performance†
Four new transition metal-containing Nb/W mixed-addendum POM trimers with the formula H19[M4(H2O)x(P2W15Nb3O62)3]·m(HCOOH)·nH2O (M = Cu, x = 15, m = 0, and n = 21, Cu-POM; M = Co, x = 7, m = 0, and n = 15, Co-POM; M = Mn, x = 7, m = 6, and n = 18, Mn-POM; and M = Zn, x = 7, m = 0, and n = 23, Zn-POM) have been synthesized by a solvothermal method in a water–ethanol mixed solvent. All the four compounds were characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), IR spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). These compounds can serve as efficient heterogeneous catalysts for the cyanosilylation of different carbonyl compounds under ambient temperature and solvent-free conditions, and Cu-POM shows much better catalytic performance than the other three compounds. The cycle experiment showed that Cu-POM can be reused for at least five cycles without significant loss of catalytic activity. The IR spectroscopy and XRD analysis revealed that Cu-POM can retain its integrity after catalysis.