DNA nanotechnology-empowered nanoscopic imaging of biomolecules
Advances in bioimaging technologies have led to unprecedented findings of novel biological processes at the nanoscale. However, there remains an ever-lasting demand for the improvement of spatiotemporal resolution, multiplexity, and smart responsiveness of bioimaging in living systems. In recent decades, self-assembled DNA nanostructures with highly programmable shape, nanometer addressability, and structural responsiveness have shown great promise in developing nanoscale probes and labels for high-performance bioimaging. Here, we briefly review the recent progress in structural DNA nanotechnology and the development of DNA frameworks, and summarize the bioimaging strategies empowered by DNA nanotechnology. We highlight the advantages of DNA nanostructures in overcoming the bottlenecks in bioimaging and discuss the challenges and opportunities in this field.