Thermo-osmotic pressure and resistance to mass transport in a vapor-gap membrane
We have investigated the transport of fluid through a vapor-gap membrane. The transport due to a membrane temperature difference was investigated under isobaric as well as non-isobaric conditions. Such a concept is relevant for water cleaning and power production purposes. A coarse-grained water model was used for modelling transport through pores of different diameters and lengths. The wall–fluid interactions were set so as to mimic hydrophobic interactions between water and membrane. The mass transport through the membrane scaled linearly with the applied temperature difference. Soret equilibria were obtained when the thermo-osmotic pressure was 18 bar K−1. The state of the Soret equilibrium did not depend on the pore size or pore length as expected. We show that the Soret equilibrium cannot be sustained by a gradient in vapor pressure. The fluxes of heat and mass were used to compute the total resistances to the transport of heat and mass.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2021 PCCP HOT Articles