Copper-based single-atom alloys for heterogeneous catalysis
Heterogeneous catalysts, as crucial industrial commodities, play an important role in industrial production, especially in energy catalysis. Traditional noble metal catalysts cannot meet the increasing demand. Therefore, the exploration of cost-effective catalysts with high activity and selectivity is important to promote chemical production. Single-atom alloy (SAA) catalysts reduce the use of precious metals compared with traditional catalysts. The unique structure of SAAs, extremely high atom utilization and high catalytic selectivity give them a prominent position in heterogeneous catalysis. SAAs are widely used in selective hydrogenation/dehydrogenation, carbon dioxide reduction reaction (CO2RR), hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), oxygen evolution reaction (OER), and nitric oxide reduction reaction (NORR). Here, the applications and research progress of copper-based single-atom alloys in the various catalytic reactions mentioned above are mainly introduced, and the factors (such as synthesis method, composition content, etc.) affecting the catalytic performance are analyzed using a combination of various characterization and testing methods.