Issue 16, 2021

Red to near-infrared phosphorescent Ir(iii) complexes with electron-rich chelating ligands

Abstract

The design of molecular phosphors with near-unity photoluminescence quantum yields in the low-energy regions of the spectrum, red to near-infrared, is a long-standing challenge. Because of the energy gap law and the quantum mechanical dependence of radiative decay rate on the excited-state energy, compounds which luminesce in this region of the spectrum typically suffer from low quantum yields. In this article, we highlight our group's advances in the design of top-performing cyclometalated iridium complexes which phosphoresce in red to near-infrared regions. The compounds we have introduced in this body of work have the general formula Ir(C^N)2(L^X), where C^N is a cyclometalating ligand that controls the photoluminescence color and L^X is a monoanionic chelating ancillary ligand. The Ir(C^N)2(L^X) structure type is among the most widely studied and technologically successful classes of molecular phosphors, particularly when L^X = acetylacetonate (acac). In our work we have pioneered the use of electron-rich, nitrogen containing ancillary (L^X) ligands as a means of controlling the excited-state dynamics and optimizing them to give record-breaking phosphorescence quantum yields. This paper progresses through our work in three distinct regions of the spectrum – red, deep-red, and near-infrared – and summarizes the many insights we have gained on the relationships between molecular structure, frontier orbital energies, and excited-state dynamics.

Graphical abstract: Red to near-infrared phosphorescent Ir(iii) complexes with electron-rich chelating ligands

Article information

Article type
Feature Article
Submitted
12 Dec 2020
Accepted
27 Jan 2021
First published
28 Jan 2021

Chem. Commun., 2021,57, 1975-1988

Red to near-infrared phosphorescent Ir(III) complexes with electron-rich chelating ligands

S. Yoon and T. S. Teets, Chem. Commun., 2021, 57, 1975 DOI: 10.1039/D0CC08067E

To request permission to reproduce material from this article, please go to the Copyright Clearance Center request page.

If you are an author contributing to an RSC publication, you do not need to request permission provided correct acknowledgement is given.

If you are the author of this article, you do not need to request permission to reproduce figures and diagrams provided correct acknowledgement is given. If you want to reproduce the whole article in a third-party publication (excluding your thesis/dissertation for which permission is not required) please go to the Copyright Clearance Center request page.

Read more about how to correctly acknowledge RSC content.

Social activity

Spotlight

Advertisements