Mechanochemistry: A force in disguise and conditional effects towards chemical reactions
Mechanochemistry refers to unusual chemical reactions induced by mechanical energy at room temperatures. It has attracted increased attention because of advantages, such as being a solution-free, energy saving, high-productivity and low-temperature process. However, there is limited understanding of the mechanochemical process because mechanochemistry is often conducted using closed milling devices, which are often regarded as a black box. This feature article shows that mechanochemical reactions can be controlled by varying milling parameters, such as the mechanical force, milling intensity, time and atmosphere. New nanomaterials with doped and functionalized structures can be produced under controlled conditions, which provide a critical insight for understanding mechanochemistry. A fundamental mechanism investigation using force microscopy is discussed.