A novel light-controlled colorimetric detection assay for nitroreductase based on p-aminophenol-catalyzed and NADH-mediated synthesis of silver nanoparticles†
A novel and efficient light-controlled colorimetric assay for the quantification and detection of nitroreductase (NTR) was constructed based on p-aminophenol (pAP)-catalyzed and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH)-mediated generation of AgNPs. Due to the hydrolysis of p-nitrophenol by NTR in the presence of NADH, the hydrolysis product can be used as a catalyst to catalyze the reduction of Ag+ by NADH under the light. As the concentration of NTR increases, the value of absorbance at ca. 400 nm (A400) decreases and the color of the solution turns from brown to bright yellow. A linear correlation was obtained between A400 and the NTR concentration in the range from 1–50 μg mL−1 and the limit of detection (LOD) is 0.27 μg mL−1. The detection system does not respond to other common biological molecules due to the specificity of enzymes and the effect of the nitroreductase inhibitor on the NTR activity was also tested. Finally, we applied the assay to determine NTR in human serum samples by spiking different concentrations of NTR with a recovery of 85.2%–92.5%.