Multifunctional magnetic nanoparticle cloud assemblies for in situ capture of bacteria and isolation of microbial DNA

Abstract

We investigate the formation of suspended magnetic nanoparticle (MNP) assemblies (M-clouds) and their use for in situ bacterial capture and DNA extraction. M-clouds are obtained as a result of magnetic field density variations when magnetizing an array of micropillars coated with a soft ferromagnetic NiP layer. Numerical simulations suggest that the gradient in the magnetic field created by the pillars is four orders of magnitude higher than the gradient generated by the external magnets. The pillars therefore serve as the sole magnetic capture sites for MNPs which accumulate on opposite sides of each pillar facing the magnets. Composed of loosely aggregated MNPs, the M-cloud can serve as a porous capture matrix for target analyte flowing through the array. The concept is demonstrated by using a multifunctional M-cloud comprising immunomagnetic NPs (iMNPs) for capture of Escherichia coli O157:H7 from river water along with silica-coated NPs for subsequent isolation and purification of microbial DNA released upon bacterial lysis. Confocal microscopy imaging of fluorescently labeled iMNPs and E. coli O157:H7 reveals that bacteria are trapped in the M-cloud region between micropillars. Quantitative assessment of in situ bacterial capture, lysis and DNA isolation using real-time polymerase chain reaction shows linear correlation between DNA output and input bacteria concentration, making it possible to confirm E. coli 0157:H7 at 103 cells per mL. The M-cloud method further provides one order of magnitude higher DNA output concentrations than incubation of the sample with iMNPs in a tube for an equivalent period of time (e.g., 10 min). Results from assays performed in the presence of Listeria monocytogenes (at 106 cells per mL each) suggest that non-target organisms do not affect on-chip E. coli capture, DNA extraction efficiency and quality of the eluted sample.

Graphical abstract: Multifunctional magnetic nanoparticle cloud assemblies for in situ capture of bacteria and isolation of microbial DNA

Supplementary files

Article information

Article type
Paper
Submitted
19 Jul 2021
Accepted
03 Oct 2021
First published
04 Oct 2021

Analyst, 2021, Advance Article

Multifunctional magnetic nanoparticle cloud assemblies for in situ capture of bacteria and isolation of microbial DNA

L. Poncelet, L. Malic, L. Clime, M. Geissler, K. J. Morton, C. Nassif, D. Da Fonte, G. Veilleux and T. Veres, Analyst, 2021, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/D1AN01297E

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