Entropy-driven amplification strategy-assisted lateral flow assay biosensor for ultrasensitive and convenient detection of nucleic acids†
Accurate, sensitive and rapid nucleic acid tests are important to implement timely treatment measures and control the spread of disease. Herein, we developed a novel portable platform for highly sensitive and specific detection of nucleic acids by integrating an entropy-driven amplification strategy into lateral flow assay (LFA) biosensor. We find that introducing an entropy-driven amplification strategy yields bright intensities on the test line of LFA stirp, which results in improved sensitivity for targeted nucleic acid detection. The developed LFA biosensor showed good reproducibility, specificity and sensitivity for target DNA and H1N1-RNA detection with a low detection limit of 1.43 pM and 2.02 pM, respectively. Its practical potential was also verified by detecting the target nucleic acid in human serum. More importantly, the design of an entropy-driven amplification strategy in this portable platform retained the convenient, rapid and low-cost characterizations of LFA biosensor due to the compact amplification principle and the elimination of enzyme use. Thus, we believe that this assay biosensor will certainly report its own position in the timely detection of nucleic acid, especially when the medical environment and resources are fewer.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Analyst Recent HOT articles