Rapid detection of Klebsiella pneumoniae producing extended spectrum β lactamase enzymes by infrared microspectroscopy and machine learning algorithms
Antimicrobial drugs have played an indispensable role in decreasing morbidity and mortality associated with infectious diseases. However, the resistance of bacteria to a broad spectrum of commonly-used antibiotics has grown to the point of being a global health-care problem. One of the most important classes of multi-drug resistant bacteria is Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamase-producing (ESBL+) bacteria. This increase in bacterial resistance to antibiotics is mainly due to the long time (about 48 h) that it takes to obtain lab results of detecting ESBL-producing bacteria. Thus, rapid detection of ESBL+ bacteria is highly important for efficient treatment of bacterial infections. In this study, we evaluated the potential of infrared microspectroscopy in tandem with machine learning algorithms for rapid detection of ESBL-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) obtained from samples of patients with urinary tract infections. 285 ESBL+ and 365 ESBL−K. pneumoniae samples, gathered from cultured colonies, were examined. Our results show that it is possible to determine that K. pneumoniae is ESBL+ with ∼89% accuracy, ∼88% sensitivity and ∼89% specificity, in a time span of ∼20 minutes following the initial culture.