Optoelectronic synaptic transistors based on upconverting nanoparticles†
Neuromorphic computing inspired by the functions of human brain has attracted much attention in the research area of artificial intelligence. Herein, we report an optoelectronic synapse based on a polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVPy)-upconverting nanoparticle (UCNP) hybrid floating gate transistor. The UCNP-based synaptic transistor exhibits a remarkable near-infrared (NIR)-induced de-trapping behaviour as well as a long retention time. Furthermore, our device is employed to successfully emulate various synaptic functions including postsynaptic current with different duration times and pulse amplitudes, paired-pulse facilitation/depression, transition from short-term plasticity to long-term plasticity and learning-forgetting-relearning processes. Overall, this work may open up a new opportunity for NIR optoelectronic synapses.