Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 7, 2020
Previous Article Next Article

Chemical tagging for sensitive determination of uridine modifications in RNA

Author affiliations

Abstract

The discovery of dynamic and reversible modifications in messenger RNA (mRNA) is opening new directions in RNA modification-mediated regulation of biological processes. Methylation is the most prevalent modification occurring in mRNA and the methyl group is mainly decorated in the adenine, cytosine, and guanine base or in the 2′-hydroxyl group of ribose. However, methylation of the uracil base (5-methyluridine, m5U) has not been discovered in mRNA of eukaryotes. In the current study, we established a method of N-cyclohexyl-N′-β-(4-methylmorpholinium) ethylcarbodiimide p-toluenesulfonate (CMCT) labelling coupled with liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS) analysis for the sensitive determination of uridine modifications in RNA. Our results demonstrated that the detection sensitivities of uridine modifications in RNA increased up to 1408 fold upon CMCT labelling. Using the developed method, we identified the distinct existence of m5U in mRNA of various mammalian cells and tissues. In addition, the stable isotope tracing monitored by mass spectrometry revealed that the methyl group of m5U originated from S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM). Our study expanded the list of modifications occurring in mRNA of mammals. Future work on transcriptome-wide mapping of m5U will further uncover the functional roles of m5U in mRNA of mammals.

Graphical abstract: Chemical tagging for sensitive determination of uridine modifications in RNA

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
09 Oct 2019
Accepted
06 Jan 2020
First published
08 Jan 2020

This article is Open Access
All publication charges for this article have been paid for by the Royal Society of Chemistry

Chem. Sci., 2020,11, 1878-1891
Article type
Edge Article

Chemical tagging for sensitive determination of uridine modifications in RNA

Q. Cheng, J. Xiong, C. Ma, Y. Dai, J. Ding, F. Liu, B. Yuan and Y. Feng, Chem. Sci., 2020, 11, 1878
DOI: 10.1039/C9SC05094A

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported Licence. Material from this article can be used in other publications provided that the correct acknowledgement is given with the reproduced material and it is not used for commercial purposes.

Reproduced material should be attributed as follows:

  • For reproduction of material from NJC:
    [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and the RSC.
  • For reproduction of material from PCCP:
    [Original citation] - Published by the PCCP Owner Societies.
  • For reproduction of material from PPS:
    [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the European Society for Photobiology, the European Photochemistry Association, and RSC.
  • For reproduction of material from all other RSC journals:
    [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Information about reproducing material from RSC articles with different licences is available on our Permission Requests page.


Social activity

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements