Metal–organic framework gels and monoliths
The synthesis of metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) has, to date, largely been in the form of crystalline powders. However, interest in different physical morphologies of this class of materials is growing. In this perspective, we provide an overview of the structure, properties and applications of MOF monoliths. In particular, we explore the complex synthetic landscapes associated with MOF crystallization and discuss the synthetic factors leading to the formation of MOF gels, i.e. the precursor to sol–gel MOF monoliths. Finally, we provide our thoughts on the future development of this field, and attempt to highlight the importance of the MOF gel state in the discovery of new functional materials.
- This article is part of the themed collections: Editor’s Choice: Zaiping Guo, Celebrating the Chemical Sciences in India - Leaders in the Field Symposium 2020, Most popular 2019-2020 review articles, Celebrating our 2020 Prize and Award winners and 2019 Chemical Science HOT Article Collection