Jump to main content
Jump to site search
SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE Close the message box

Maintenance work is planned for Monday 16 August 2021 from 07:00 to 23:59 (BST).

Website performance may be temporarily affected and you may not be able to access some PDFs or images. If this does happen, refreshing your web browser should resolve the issue. We apologise for any inconvenience this might cause and thank you for your patience.


Issue 69, 2020, Issue in Progress

Selective leaching of lead from lead smelter residues using EDTA

Author affiliations

Abstract

Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) has been widely used as an effective reagent for removal of lead from soil because of its high lead extraction efficiency caused by the high thermodynamic stability of the Pb(II)–EDTA complex. In this study, EDTA was used as a lixiviant for recovery of lead from residues (matte and slag) of secondary lead smelter plants. The residues were composed mainly of iron (34–66 wt%) and lead (7–11 wt%). Leaching parameters (EDTA concentration, pH, temperature, liquid-to-solid ratio and leaching time) were optimized. The optimum leaching efficiency was achieved when leached for 1 h at room temperature using 0.05 mol L−1 EDTA at a liquid-to-solid ratio of 5 mL g−1. At such conditions, 72 to 80% of lead and less than 1% of iron were leached from both matte and slag. The high selectivity towards lead with minimal co-dissolution of iron is a major advantage since it reduces the chemical consumption and simplifies the downstream processes. Although the stability constants of the complexes Fe(III)–EDTA, Fe(II)–EDTA and Pb–EDTA are all large (log KS 25.1, 14.33 and 18.04, respectively), the leaching of iron was most likely limited by its presence in insoluble phases such as iron oxides, sulfides and silicates in the residues. 100% leaching of lead was achieved by a multi-step leaching process where the leaching residues were contacted three times by a fresh EDTA solution. To recover EDTA, first iron was precipitated as iron hydroxide by raising the pH of pregnant leach solution (PLS) above 12.6 using sodium hydroxide, followed by precipitation of lead as lead sulfide by adding ammonium sulfide. The recovered EDTA was successfully reused two times for leaching without significant changes in leaching yields.

Graphical abstract: Selective leaching of lead from lead smelter residues using EDTA

Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
06 Oct 2020
Accepted
12 Nov 2020
First published
18 Nov 2020

This article is Open Access

RSC Adv., 2020,10, 42147-42156
Article type
Paper

Selective leaching of lead from lead smelter residues using EDTA

T. Palden, L. Machiels, B. Onghena, M. Regadío and K. Binnemans, RSC Adv., 2020, 10, 42147 DOI: 10.1039/D0RA08517K

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported Licence. You can use material from this article in other publications, without requesting further permission from the RSC, provided that the correct acknowledgement is given and it is not used for commercial purposes.

To request permission to reproduce material from this article in a commercial publication, please go to the Copyright Clearance Center request page.

If you are an author contributing to an RSC publication, you do not need to request permission provided correct acknowledgement is given.

If you are the author of this article, you do not need to request permission to reproduce figures and diagrams provided correct acknowledgement is given. If you want to reproduce the whole article in a third-party commercial publication (excluding your thesis/dissertation for which permission is not required) please go to the Copyright Clearance Center request page.

Read more about how to correctly acknowledge RSC content.


Social activity

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements