Simultaneous determination of methadone and morphine at a modified electrode with 3D β-MnO2 nanoflowers: application for pharmaceutical sample analysis
The present research synthesized manganese dioxide nano-flowers (β-MnO2-NF) via a simplified technique for electro-catalytic utilization. Moreover, morphological characteristics and X-ray analyses showed Mn in the oxide form with β-type crystallographic structure. In addition, the research proposed a new efficient electro-chemical sensor to detect methadone at the modified glassy carbon electrode (β-MnO2-NF/GCE). It has been found that oxidizing methadone is irreversible and shows a diffusion controlled procedure at the β-MnO2-NF/GCE. Moreover, β-MnO2-NF/GCE was considerably enhanced in the anodic peak current of methadone related to the separation of morphine and methadone overlapping voltammetric responses with probable difference of 510 mV. In addition, a linear increase has been observed between the catalytic peak currents gained by the differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) of morphine and methadone and their concentrations in the range between 0.1–200.0 μM and 0.1–250.0 μM, respectively. Furthermore, the limits of detection (LOD) for methadone and morphine were found to be 5.6 nM and 8.3 nM, respectively. It has been found that our electrode could have a successful application for detecting methadone and morphine in the drug dose form, urine, and saliva samples. Thus, this condition demonstrated that β-MnO2-NF/GCE displays good analytical performances for the detection of methadone.