Glauconite clay-functionalized chitosan nanocomposites for efficient adsorptive removal of fluoride ions from polluted aqueous solutions
We herein have developed a mild approach for the fabrication of glauconite clay (G)-modified chitosan (CS) nanocomposites by the combination of a simple blending and crosslinking method. The chitosan was modified with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), glutaraldehyde (GL), sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), and cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB). The as-prepared composites were identified using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), nitrogen physical adsorption (BET), atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AA), and thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA). The adsorption activities of the as-prepared materials were assessed for the removal of fluoride ions from aqueous media using a batch technique. Raw glauconite (G), GL-CS/G, SDS-CS/G, EDTA-GL-CS/G, and CTAB-CS/G adsorbents displayed maximum adsorption capacity values of 1.15, 4.31, 4.55, 6.90, and 9.03 mg g−1, respectively. The adsorption results were well described by employing the pseudo-second-order kinetic and Langmuir isotherm models. The estimated thermodynamic constants indicated that the F− ion adsorption was a spontaneous, physisorption process. Furthermore, the modified chitosan adsorbents are good candidates for the adsorptive elimination of F− ions from aqueous solutions, according to their reusability, high stability, good adsorption capacity, and applicability for actual field water samples.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Adsorption and degradation of pollutants