Controlled growth of porous oxygen-deficient NiCo2O4 nanobelts as high-efficiency electrocatalysts for oxygen evolution reaction†
Owing to their distinctive chemical properties and cost-effectiveness, transition metal oxides (TMOs) promise intriguing potential in electrocatalysis applications. Herein, porous NiCo2O4 nanobelts with controlled oxygen deficiencies were synthesized based on a facile strategy of hydrothermal growth followed by annealing under an inert atmosphere. By finely adjusting annealing temperature and time, concentrations of oxygen deficiencies within the nanobelts could be modulated. The oxygen-deficient NiCo2O4 nanobelts exhibit superior oxygen evolution reaction (OER) performance at a relatively low overpotential which is superior to the values of prepared pristine NiCo2O4 electrocatalysts. In particular, they show excellent stability for 10 h at 10 mA cm−2. The enhanced OER activity and stability of the catalyst can be ascribed to the abundant oxygen deficiencies as well as porous architecture of the anisotropic nanobelts. This work paves a promising way in fabricating advanced electrocatalysts.