A lab in a bento box: an autonomous centrifugal microfluidic system for an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay†
In this paper, we report on the demonstration of a portable immunoassay system consisting of a small centrifugal microfluidic device driver (bento box) and a centrifugal microfluidic device made of polypropylene and fabricated by injection molding. The bento box consists of a cheap DC motor and an Arduino microcontroller. It has a simple structure and is the size of a bento box, that is, 150 × 150 × 100 (W × D × H) mm3. The developed device can automatically execute an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) process under a steady rotating condition because it was designed based on the principle of CLOCK, which we previously presented. Here, we first executed an ELISA using a system consisting of the bento box and a device made of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and compared it with a servo-controlled device driver. It was confirmed that the results of the bento box were consistent with those of the servo-controlled device driver. The limit of detection (LOD) using the bento box was 0.759 ng ml−1. Therefore, the controllability of the bento box was demonstrated. Next, we evaluated the injection-molded device through multi-step fluid control. We confirmed, through real-time observation of the device, that accurate flow control in the designed ELISA procedure was executed. Lastly, ELISA was employed for the measurements of mouse IgG using the system consisting of the bento box and the polypropylene device. The system performed all fluidic controls within 12 min; we confirmed the specificity of the system, and the LOD was 0.320 ng ml−1.