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A rational strategy to develop a boron nitride quantum dot-based molecular logic gate and fluorescent assay of alkaline phosphatase activity

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Abstract

The metal-induced FL quenching of two-dimensional material-derived quantum dots (2D-QDs) has been playing vital roles in optical sensing recently; however, the metal type and concentration are usually chosen arbitrarily based on the maximum FL decrease although several metals may offer similar FL quenching effects towards the same 2D-QDs. Thus, a rational strategy was urgently needed to discover more efficient metal-mediated FL system for further applications. Taking boron nitride QDs (BNQDs) as a promising 2D-QD model, it was discovered that both Fe3+ and Cu2+ could quench their FL, which could be further switched on and off upon the addition of pyrophosphate and alkaline phosphatase, respectively. By comparing the percentage of FL quenching and recovery of BNQDs, it was rationally calculated that 300 μM Fe3+-mediated FL quenching of BNQDs paved a more efficient way for the sensitive and selective assay of ALP. Quantitative measurement of the ALP activity can be achieved with a low limit of detection of 0.8 U L−1 (S/N ≥ 3) in a wide range between 2 and 200 U L−1. In addition, the aforementioned ensemble could be exploited to newly construct a 2D-QD-based “INH” logic gate. This approach possessed many superiorities i.e. low cost, simplicity, and high sensitivity.

Graphical abstract: A rational strategy to develop a boron nitride quantum dot-based molecular logic gate and fluorescent assay of alkaline phosphatase activity

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Publication details

The article was received on 08 Nov 2018, accepted on 02 Jan 2019 and first published on 03 Jan 2019


Article type: Communication
DOI: 10.1039/C8TB02948B
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. B, 2019, Advance Article
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    A rational strategy to develop a boron nitride quantum dot-based molecular logic gate and fluorescent assay of alkaline phosphatase activity

    Y. Han, Y. Niu, M. Liu, F. Niu and Y. Xu, J. Mater. Chem. B, 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8TB02948B

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