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KMn7.6Co0.4O16 nano-rod clusters with a high discharge specific capacity as cathode materials for potassium-ion batteries

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Abstract

Cryptomelane-type KMn8O16 with a unique tunnel structure is a suitable cathode for potassium-ion batteries. In this work, KMn8O16 clusters of nano-rods are synthesized by a facile and template-free hydrothermal method. Electrochemical characterization has been carried out, and the results show that the KMn8O16 nano-rods exhibit high discharge capacity but a poor cycling performance, which are attributed to the unique but unstable tunnel structure. Therefore, a cobalt doping strategy is developed to enhance the structural stability. The results show that there are no changes in the crystal structure and morphology after Co doping, while higher specific capacity and better cycling stability are achieved. Among all the doped samples, KMn7.6Co0.4O16 exhibits the best electrochemical properties with high initial discharge capacities (246 mA h g−1 at a current density of 10 mA g−1 and 174 mA h g−1 at a current density of 100 mA g−1 in the 1.5–4.0 V range). The results show that Co doping efficiently enhances its structural stability.

Graphical abstract: KMn7.6Co0.4O16 nano-rod clusters with a high discharge specific capacity as cathode materials for potassium-ion batteries

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Publication details

The article was received on 13 Nov 2018, accepted on 16 Jan 2019 and first published on 17 Jan 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8SE00550H
Citation: Sustainable Energy Fuels, 2019, Advance Article

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    KMn7.6Co0.4O16 nano-rod clusters with a high discharge specific capacity as cathode materials for potassium-ion batteries

    Z. Tai, M. Shi, S. Chong, Y. Chen, Q. Tan, C. Shu and Y. Liu, Sustainable Energy Fuels, 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8SE00550H

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