Issue 2, 2020

Metal–organic framework gels and monoliths


The synthesis of metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) has, to date, largely been in the form of crystalline powders. However, interest in different physical morphologies of this class of materials is growing. In this perspective, we provide an overview of the structure, properties and applications of MOF monoliths. In particular, we explore the complex synthetic landscapes associated with MOF crystallization and discuss the synthetic factors leading to the formation of MOF gels, i.e. the precursor to sol–gel MOF monoliths. Finally, we provide our thoughts on the future development of this field, and attempt to highlight the importance of the MOF gel state in the discovery of new functional materials.

Graphical abstract: Metal–organic framework gels and monoliths

Article information

Article type
02 Oct 2019
13 Nov 2019
First published
14 Nov 2019
This article is Open Access

All publication charges for this article have been paid for by the Royal Society of Chemistry
Creative Commons BY license

Chem. Sci., 2020,11, 310-323

Metal–organic framework gels and monoliths

J. Hou, A. F. Sapnik and T. D. Bennett, Chem. Sci., 2020, 11, 310 DOI: 10.1039/C9SC04961D

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