Construction of a flexible electrochemiluminescence platform for sweat detection
Flexible and wearable chemical sensors show great capability and potential in retrieving physiologically related chemical or biochemical information from elastic and curvilinear living bodies. However, so far, no flexible electrochemiluminescence (ECL) device has been reported, though ECL measurements have been extensively investigated and widely applied in many fields. Herein, we for the first time designed and fabricated a flexible ECL sensor by immobilizing highly luminescent nanospheres on Au nanotube (Au NT) networks, and subsequently coating an elastic molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) thereon. The as-prepared flexible ECL platform displayed successive and desirable mechanical compliance while generating a very stable ECL signal during deformation, facilitating highly selective detection of physiologically relevant chemicals from bodies. On-body wearable sampling and subsequent detection of lactate and urea from sweat showed the ECL performance of this sensor displaying desirable fidelity, reusability and high stability against disturbance. This work successfully incorporated the ECL sensing model into a flexible and wearable device, therefore providing a promising new path for non-invasively monitoring the products of metabolism for health care and biomedical investigations.